The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, usually shortened to the United Kingdom, GB or UK, is made up of four countries:England, Scotland, Wales (all three on the islands of Britian), and the province of Northern Ireland (on the island of Ireland).
About 61 million people live in the UK. Most people in the UK speak English.
Elizabeth II is the queen of the UK and is the head of state (person in charge of the country). Even though she is the head of state, she does not choose what the United Kingdom should do about things like education, healthcare or other choices. The person who chooses for the people in the United Kingdom is the Prime Minister, who is in charge of the government. Today, the Prime Minister is Gordon Brown, who is the leader of the Labour party.
The capital city of the United Kingdom is London, a large city on the River Thames in south-eastern England.You can see many photos of London in this blog because students from the second cycle of ESO of our school went there this summer.
The Union Jack is the flag of the United Kingdom. It combines the Cross of St. George (England), the Cross of St. Andrew (Scotland) and the Cross of St. Patrick (Ireland).